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American Counseling Association

Play Therapy, according to the Association for Play Therapy, a professional association I am a member of, is the systematic use of a theoretical model to establish an interpersonal process wherein trained play therapists use the therapeutic powers of play to help clients prevent or resolve psychosocial difficulties and achieve optimal growth and development. A lay definition might be a form of counseling or psychotherapy that therapeutically uses the power of play to communicate with and help clients, especially children, to achieve optimal mental health."

Filial Therapy is "an approach used by play therapists to train parents to be therapeutic agents with their own children. Parents are taught basic child-centered play therapy principles and skills, including reflective listening, recognizing and responding to children's feelings, therapeutic limit setting, building children's self-esteem, and structuring required weekly play sessions with their children using selected toys" (Landreth, 2002).